1800s |

Pablo Picasso Is Born - 10/25/1881

One of the most famous and greatest artist of the 20th century known for as the co-creator of Cubism is born in the city of Malaga, Spain.

Born of a father who is a professor at drawing, Picasso was brought-up in the family way of academic art. Naturally talented, he had his first exhibition at the age of 13, however, he was not comfortable with what he is been taught, and eventually quit school of art so that he can have enough time to experiment with modern art styles. In 1900, he moved to Paris, by 1901, he had already secured an exhibition at an art gallery on rue Lafitte in Paris, a notable street for its impressive art galleries. 

Now 19 years of age, Picasso had produced hundreds of paintings in his name. After receiving positive comments from art lovers, he deiced to stay in Paris for the rest of the year and then he moved to the country to settle permanently.

Picasso had more than 50,000 paintings, beautiful drawings and engravings, sculptures and ceramics produced for a period of 80 years in his collection, which is in a series of corresponding periods. The Blue Period includes famous paintings like Blue Nude and La Vie. It was the first notable period he did after his first Paris exhibit. Another works of his called The Old Guitarist was produced in 1903; it was painted with the blue color depicting the miserable world of the poor. 

Afterwards, he created the Rose Period, among the works includes Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, which depicts five nude prostitutes with abstract and distorted features that reflects the human form. This spectacular work gave birth to Cubism, an imaginative style created by Picasso and his fellow painter Georges Braque.

Cubism is divided into two phases called analytical and synthetic. Picasso and Braque created the modern norm to display that artwork does not necessarily need to represent reality in other to have real artistic value. His major Cubist works comprises his costumes and collections he made for Sergey Diaghilev's Ballets Russes in 1917, The Three Musician in 1921. Cubist experiments of both Picasso and Braque pave way for various modern inventions such as collage.

He later moved on to explore classical and Mediterranean themes, with pictures of violence and suffering surfaced in his works. By the end of 1937, the theme had already turned to another masterpiece called Guernica, which showcase the horrific suffering bore by the people of Basque town of Guernica after the German warplanes destroyed the town in the Spanish Civil War. During Nazi's occupation, Picasso spent most of his time in France but refused fascism and joined the French Communist Party after the war ended.

Unfortunately, most of his works after the Second World War were not critically studied as his earlier designs. However, he continued to work fervently, made profits, and receives critical success. He produced great works of art until his death in 1973 at the age of 91.

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Mark Hinderberg


Retired History Professor at Vanderbilt University. Love taking a portal through time and sharing my knowledge with anyone else who loves reading about history. It is my passion and my greatest hobby.